Kiev speed dating

the Lavrentevskiy Chronicle, the chief source for the history of Suzdalia which was copied in 1377 from a 1305 compilation, and its derivatives (the Chronicle of Pereyaslavl-Suzsalskiy which covers events from 1138 to 1214, and the Moscow Academy manuscript of the Suzdal Chronicle which brings the text up to 1419)., they have the great advantage of citing the primary sources on which the information is based.In the present document, the rulers of Kiev are referred to as "Grand Prince" to indicate their position of supremacy over the other principalities and to reflect the fact that they appointed the rulers of these principalities from among the various members of their own family. In practice, the appointments were changed rapidly, giving little opportunity for any principality to develop its own hereditary leadership (except while the 1097 Liubech family accord was being observed).

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However, a further problem arose with the fragmentation of this patrimony into even smaller territories to provide property for junior male members of the family.

This fragmentation increased with the expansion of the different families.

Family rivalry inevitably intensified: the sources record numerous examples of individual princes being dispossessed by more powerful rivals.

The decline was halted temporarily by the 1097 Liubech accord, but the fragmentation and dynastic rivalry soon resumed and was only eliminated when all principalities were annexed by Moscow in the early 16th century.

Kiev was bounded on its southern border by territory controlled by the Kumans.

The territorial integrity of the principality was soon fragmented as additional principalities were created for junior members of the ruling family.

Government of the principalities was exchanged and reshuffled with great regularity, all under the direction of the Grand Prince of Kiev, motivated by personal and family considerations, not least the wish to prevent rival princes from consolidating too much power in particular locations.

The principality of Kiev proper was relatively small in area compared to the other Rus principalities, although the city of Kiev was strategically well-placed on the River Dnepr which gave direct access to the Black Sea in the south and indirect access to the Baltic in the north.

In this way, various branches of the family were excluded from the succession.

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